by Tammy J. Murphy
Canada recently published two separate Orders adding substances to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA, 1999), Schedule 1, List of Toxic Substances. CEPA, 1999 authorizes the Ministers of Health and of the Environment to conduct research and collect information on a wide variety of substances that may contaminate the environment or cause adverse effects on human health and/or the environment. If a substance is determined to be “toxic,” as per CEPA 1999, Environment & Climate Change Canada and Health Canada are then responsible for implementing preventive and/or control actions for any or all phases of that substance’s “life cycle.” This is done to prevent or control the substance’s release into the environment.
SOR/2019-197 adds Cobalt and soluble cobalt compounds to Schedule 1. These substances, which were part of the Chemicals Management Plan (CMP), were identified as priorities for both “ecological and human health assessment.” Through the screening assessment, it was determined these substances “pose a risk to non-human organisms near sources of release….”
SOR 2019-198 adds N,N’-Mixed phenyl and tolyl derivatives of 1,4-benzenediamine (BENPAT) to the List of Toxic Substances. BENPAT was identified as a high priority in regards to assessment for ecological risks under the CMP. Data suggested that BENPAT was “persistent, bioaccumulative and inherently toxic to aquatic organisms.”
The full text of the Orders should be consulted for complete details.
Department of the Environment, Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, “Order Adding a Toxic Substance to Schedule 1 to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (SOR/2019-197).” Canada Gazette, Part II, 26 June 2019 edition: http://gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2019/2019-06-26/pdf/g2-15313.pdf
Department of the Environment, Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, “Order Adding a Toxic Substance to Schedule 1 to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (SOR/2019-198).” Canada Gazette, Part II, 26 June 2019 edition: http://gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2019/2019-06-26/pdf/g2-15313.pdf
Canada, CEPA 1999, Schedule 1, List of Toxic Substances
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