By Beata Cēbere
On October 9, 2013, a meeting of the Subcommittee on industrial policy under the Committee of economic cooperation of the Ukrainian – Russian Interstate Commission was held in Kiev. One of the topics of discussion was cooperation in the chemical industry. In the discussion, the Executive Director of the Russian Chemists Union, Pavel Zaitsev, President of the Ukraine Chemists Union, Alexey Golubov, members of the relevant ministries of both countries and others participated.
The participants of the meeting supported the proposal of the Russian Chemists Union concerning the development of scientific and technical cooperation between the two countries. As it was noted by Pavel Zaitsev, “it is necessary to renew the chain, which had previously worked in USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) for the research and design institutes to service installed equipment in the chemical industry, and alsoto elaborate the new technological solutions for their implementation into the industries of both countries. Synergy efforts of Russia and Ukraine in solving of problems can give positive effect and strengthen the position of both countries in the global chemical community.”
Over recent years, relations between Ukraine, Russia and the European Union have undergone a significant evolution. In Kiev, Moscow and Brussels, there is on-going hard work on understanding of the situation. A variety of proposals have been put forward regarding the possible cooperation and desirable patterns of interaction.
It was admitted by the Russian Prime Minister, D. Medvedev, that Russia, together with Belarus and Kazakhstan, has a customs agreement. Ukraine, for the moment, is an observer in these processes, but at the same time it participates in other economic procedures. And, very soon, Ukraine’s trade-economic policies, on a legal and practical level, will be more consistent with the policy of the European Union. On the other hand, there are currently about 300 agreements signed that implements the 26 cross-border projects between Russian and Ukrainian regions.
On October 9th, the parties agreed on a draft Programme on Ukrainian – Russian cooperation in the field of the chemical industry for 2013-2014. In particular, the participants of the meeting agreed on cooperation in the harmonization of the legislation of Russia and Ukraine, taking into account the legislation of the European Union, especially in regards to health and safety in the workplace.
The current environmental legislation of Ukraine only partly corresponds to the EU guidelines. Unlike other western countries, Ukraine has almost no special national chemical legislation that is a package of legislative and regulatory acts regulating all aspects of safe production and turnover of chemicals. However, Ukraine has developed and implemented a common legal framework in the field of industrial production and environmental safety which regulates the production and sale of chemical products.
The general legal framework in the field of regulation of production and consumption of chemicals (aspect – chemical and environmental safety) is represented in Ukraine by the following basic documents:
Law of Ukraine “On Environmental Protection” (latest changes on October 16, 2012);
Law of Ukraine “On licensing of certain types of economic activity” (latest changes on October 10, 2013);
Law of Ukraine “On ensuring sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population” (latest changes on October 16, 2012);
Law of Ukraine “On Pesticides and Agrochemicals” (latest changes on October 16, 2012);
Law of Ukraine “On Waste” (latest changes on October 16, 2012);
Law of Ukraine “On Environmental Impact Assessment” (latest changes on October 16, 2012).
Harmonization of chemical legislation is also the prerequisite for improving the competitiveness of Ukraine chemical products; this includes the classification and labeling of chemicals, as well as information exchange on toxic substances and related risk factors. This is a fairly complex process that Ukraine has begun to realize. Drafting of the Law on Chemical Safety is also among the priorities in Ukraine.
The National Action Plan for Environmental Protection for 2011-2015 year, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 25 May 2011 № 577-r, provides a considerable number of measures to fulfill international obligations and adaption of Ukraine to the requirements of the European Union.
Also on October 9th, the Russian and Ukrainian Chemists Unions decided to continue to develop industrial cooperation in the field of chemical industry and to facilitate the increase and optimization of export-import supplies between Russia and Ukraine.
The meeting was chaired by the Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, Alexei Rakhmanov, and the Minister of Industrial Policy of Ukraine, Mikhail Korolenko.
Russian Chemists Union website (news): http://www.ruschemunion.ru/news/lastest_news/id637.html
Russian governmental site: http://government.ru/news/7425
Journal “All Europe.ru”:
Review of the harmonization of the laws of Ukraine to EU (European Union) law and Baseline harmonization of Ukraine with EU law (ENVIRONMENT): http://menr.gov.ua/docs/activity-adaptation/Overview.pdf
Division of analytical-information ensuring information on problems of chemical industry: http://do.gendocs.ru/docs/index-42415.html?page=5
Cabinet of Ministers Ordinance “On approval of the National Action Plan for Environmental Protection for 2011-2015” (on May 25, 2011 № 577-p, with the latest changes on October 2, 2013 № 870-p): http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/577-2011-%D1%80