by Weisin Chai
Taiwan published the Rules for the Labeling and Hazard Communication of Hazardous Chemicals on October 19, 2007 and announced the implementation of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) in phases. A total of 1,062 phase I substances, 1,089 phase II substances and 1,020 phase III substances were published on December 31, 2008, January 7, 2011, and December 23, 2013, respectively. Followed by that, beginning January 1, 2016, all chemical substances possessing physical and health hazards according to Taiwan National Standards of the Republic of China (CNS) 15030 on Classification and Labelling of Chemicals shall comply with the GHS. Industries are given a one year grace period, until December 31, 2016, to fully adopt GHS.
Considering a majority of industries in Taiwan are small or medium enterprises, to lower industries burden in GHS implementation, Taiwan’s government has put a lot of effort to prepare and compile Safety Data Sheet (SDS) samples for references. However, due to the limitation of manpower and costs, this cannot be completed in a very short period of time. Therefore, instead of SDSs, on January 5, 2016, Taiwan’s Ministry of Labor (MOL) published a list of 6,000 hazardous substances with GHS classifications.
This list consists of substances with lower hazard concern, lower reported quantities and lack of information. The data for some of these 6,000 substances originated from the European Union’s European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) websites. Others are provided through some international chemical information-related databases. The data was collected and compiled into a list by some voluntary manufacturers. The substances in this list do not repeat those which have been provided as sample labels and SDSs on the GHS, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), MOL website. Similar to those provided on the sample SDSs, the GHS classifications provided in this list are not mandatory. The list is prepared for reference only. Manufacturers or suppliers shall continue to prepare labels and SDSs for downstream enterprises in accordance to the stipulated laws and regulations.
Meanwhile, MOL continues to prepare more sample SDSs and labels, particularly for substances with high hazard concern or high operating quantity in Taiwan.
For details of the announcement and regulations related to GHS implementation in Taiwan, readers may see the websites under References.
Taiwan Announcement for Publication of 6000 GHS Classified Hazardous Substances
Taiwan Rules for the Labeling and Hazard Communication of Hazardous Chemicals
Taiwan Phase I Substances subjected to GHS Implementation
Taiwan Phase II Substances subjected to GHS Implementation
Taiwan Phase III Substances subjected to GHS Implementation
Taiwan National Standards of the Republic of China (CNS) 15030 on Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (available for purchase)